How Developed is West Papua Right Now?

Numerous programs from Indonesian presidents for Papua and West Papua started in 1999 after the New Order ended. The work programs of those presidents need to be made notes so that they could be a lesson in resolving the polemic in Papua and West Papua, which continues to this day.

Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was the 4th President of Indonesia. Wahid played an essential function in changing the Western New Guinea name of Irian Jaya (which was coined by President Suharto) to Papua in 2002.

Wahid allowed the raising of the Morning Star flag, but the flag position should be in a lower position than the Indonesian flag. His determination drew sharp criticism from many political figures in Indonesia. The Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation said that Wahid considered the Morning Star flag only as banners rather than symbols of sure groups.

Wahid provided room for groups opposing the existence of Indonesia to be able to hold dialogues securely.

Wahid’s agenda at the moment was to meet various components of society in Papua and watched the primary sunrise of the second millennium on January 1, 2000.

Because of his considerations relating to West Papua, Abdurrahman became the primary Indonesian president who occupied a special place inside West Papuans’ heart.

Abdurrahman Wahid’s contribution for West Papua:

Modified the name Irian Jaya to Papua

Facilitated the Second Congress of the People of West Papua attended by 5,000 West Papuans

Megawati, The First Female President Who Brings Prosperity

Megawati is the fifth president of Indonesia and in addition the daughter of the primary president, Sukarno. To encourage the development in West Papua, Megawati initiated numerous plans for the construction of roads, bridges, and different infrastructure.

Each post-New Order presidential work program displays President Sukarno’s vision of West Papua. The prosperity and security of West Papuans is the government’s prime priority and is following the fifth precepts of Pancasila, namely “Social justice for all Indonesians”. “All Indonesians” means each single citizen from Sabang to Merauke, from Aceh to West Papua.

Megawati Sukarnoputri’s contribution for West Papua:

Passed the Special Autonomy Law for West Papua (Law №21/2001)

Issued a policy that leaders of presidency positions in West Papua must be native West Papuans

Started the granting of annual particular autonomy funds, at present reaching IDR 8.36 trillion (2019)

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, A Hope for West Papuan Workers

Throughout his time as president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) carried out three strategic programs. He revised Law 21/2001 on Special Autonomy for West Papua to Particular Autonomy Plus. He made a conflict decision plan and meant to proceed a full and extensive development in West Papua.

During the ten years of Yudhoyono’s presidency, he was not yet happy with West Papua’s growth. He hoped that the following president would continue to concentrate on growing public confidence within the West Papuan grassroots, strengthening security within the Central Mountains, and the formation of a Jakarta-Papua dialogue for restoring the political conditions in West Papua.

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s contribution for West Papua:

Required all companies in West Papua to have 70% West Papuans staff

Opened communication with five main West Papuan tribes

Established Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE)

At the moment’s Period: Revolutionizing Infrastructure and Human Resources

Joko Widodo’s administration prioritizes infrastructure and human resource development as a broad framework for conflict resolutions in West Papua. Widodo carried out the One Fuel Value policy. He considered that a single fuel value is a type of social justice for West Papuans. In his first time period of presidency, he built the Palapa Ring Telecommunication Network. Joko needs all areas West Papua to enjoy quick internet in 2020.

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