Numerous programs from Indonesian presidents for Papua and West Papua started in 1999 after the New Order ended. The work programs of those presidents should be made notes in order that they could be a lesson in resolving the polemic in Papua and West Papua, which continues to this day.
Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was the 4th President of Indonesia. Wahid played an essential function in changing the Western New Guinea name of Irian Jaya (which was coined by President Suharto) to Papua in 2002.
Wahid allowed the elevating of the Morning Star flag, but the flag position needs to be in a decrease position than the Indonesian flag. His decision drew sharp criticism from many political figures in Indonesia. The Indonesian Legal Aid Basis said that Wahid considered the Morning Star flag only as banners moderately than symbols of sure groups.
Wahid provided room for groups opposing the existence of Indonesia to be able to hold dialogues securely.
Wahid’s agenda at that time was to satisfy various parts of society in Papua and watched the primary sunrise of the second millennium on January 1, 2000.
Because of his considerations regarding West Papua, Abdurrahman turned the primary Indonesian president who occupied a particular place inside West Papuans’ heart.
Abdurrahman Wahid’s contribution for West Papua:
Changed the name Irian Jaya to Papua
Facilitated the Second Congress of the Individuals of West Papua attended by 5,000 West Papuans
Megawati, The First Feminine President Who Brings Prosperity
Megawati is the fifth president of Indonesia and likewise the daughter of the first president, Sukarno. To encourage the development in West Papua, Megawati initiated various plans for the development of roads, bridges, and other infrastructure.
Each put up-New Order presidential work program displays President Sukarno’s vision of West Papua. The prosperity and security of West Papuans is the federal government’s top priority and is following the fifth precepts of Pancasila, namely “Social justice for all Indonesians”. “All Indonesians” means every single citizen from Sabang to Merauke, from Aceh to West Papua.
Megawati Sukarnoputri’s contribution for West Papua:
Passed the Particular Autonomy Law for West Papua (Law №21/2001)
Issued a coverage that leaders of presidency positions in West Papua have to be native West Papuans
Began the granting of annual particular autonomy funds, presently reaching IDR 8.36 trillion (2019)
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, A Hope for West Papuan Workers
Throughout his time as president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) carried out three strategic programs. He revised Law 21/2001 on Particular Autonomy for West Papua to Particular Autonomy Plus. He made a conflict resolution plan and meant to proceed a full and extensive development in West Papua.
In the course of the ten years of Yudhoyono’s presidency, he was not but glad with West Papua’s growth. He hoped that the subsequent president would continue to give attention to rising public confidence within the West Papuan grassroots, strengthening security within the Central Mountains, and the formation of a Jakarta-Papua dialogue for restoring the political conditions in West Papua.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s contribution for West Papua:
Required all corporations in West Papua to have 70% West Papuans staff
Opened communication with five main West Papuan tribes
Established Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE)
Right now’s Era: Revolutionizing Infrastructure and Human Resources
Joko Widodo’s administration prioritizes infrastructure and human resource development as a broad framework for conflict resolutions in West Papua. Widodo implemented the One Fuel Value policy. He considered that a single fuel value is a form of social justice for West Papuans. In his first term of presidency, he constructed the Palapa Ring Telecommunication Network. Joko wants all regions West Papua to enjoy quick internet in 2020.
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